At Lumbini

Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, has been conserved within the area of 1x3sq.miles and this area consists of following peculiarities.

The Sacred Garden


Ancient capital of Sakya Kingdom ( Kapilavastu) is located about 27km west of Lumbini. It houses the vestiges of ancient Sakya palace where Siddhartha lived his early 29 years as a prince. The ramparts of a moat and a fortification wall with its western and eastern gates surround the remains of the citadel including ancient structural remains. The eastern gate of the palace reminds us about Siddhartha’s renunciation for the search of supreme knowledge. The gate is known as Mahabhiniskramana Dwara, or Mangala Dwara (auspicious gate) through which Siddhartha left the palace at a midnight.


Ancient Nyagrodharama, where king Suddhodana met the Buddha for the first time after his renunciation lies about 3 km south of Taulihawa. This is the site where prajapati Gautami, his second mother offered him a robe and Yasodhara, his wife invited him for a meal in the palace. Rahula, his son was ordained by Sariputra at Kudan. The Buddha preached five important sutras and told the story of his search for supreme knowledge here during his stay with 300 his disciples at Kudan. 


About 5km southwest of Taulihawa is Gotihawa. It is the site for Asoka pillar where krakuchhanda Buddha attained nirvana. Gothihawa is one of the major pilgrimage sites for Buddhists. This holy site, sanctified by the birth of the early Buddha has been marked by the construction of a stupa. An Asoka pillar erected here by Emperor Asoka in 249 B.C. ascertains it as the birth spot of the Buddha. However, the upper part of the pillar is missing.


About 12km north of Taulihawa lies the forest of Sagarahawa with a long lake known as Lumbusagar. In this site, the Sakyas were massacred by king Virudhaka out of massacre. Later, in the memory of the noble Sakyas, hundreds of stupas were built here by their descendants. Dr. A.Fuhrer excavated and explored these stupas in 1897-1898.


Niglihawa lies about 8km northeast of Taulihawa. It is the birthplace of Kanakanuni, the early Buddha of Bhadrakalpa. The sites shelters an Asoka pillar erected by Emperor Asoka in 249 BC. The pillar is broken into two pieces, the lower part bearing inscription is submerged in the ground and the upper part is lying on the surface. The Asoka inscription engraved in Brahmi script and Pali language testifies the site as the birth spot of the Buddha. It is said that the shower of gold rained in Jambudwipa on the day he was born of father, Yajyadutta and mother Uttara here.


About 1km east of Niglihawa lies a rectangular fortified area popularly known as Araurakot, which is believed to be the natal town of Kanakamuni Buddha. The rectangular fortification wall is magnificent even in its ruins. The fortification area houses the remains of ancient big construction underground.


Sisahaiya is a large archaeological site lying about 12km south of Taulihawa. This site is believed to be the place of a stupa and Sangharama built by the noble Sakyas. Today, we can see remains of ancient pottery, burnt bricks and brickbats and even a few sakya punch marked coins lying scattered on the surface.


Devadaha is famous ancient capital of Koliya kingdom, the maternal hometown of queen Maya Devi, Prajapati and princess Yasodhara. The site is situated at about 57km northeast of Lumbini and is well connected by the Mahendra Highway. We can observe many archaeological and historical sites extended in a large area in Devadaha region. The potential ancient sites include Kumarvarti, Khayardada, Bairimai- Kanyamai,Bhagawanipur/Devidamar, Kotahimai, the Rohini River etc. More facts on ancient Koliyan civilization will be revealed after full – fledged excavations in future.


The Koliyas obtained one of the eight parts of the Buddha’s relic which they enshrined and built a magnificent stupa at Ramagrama. Buddhist literary sources mention that Emperor Asoka wanted to obtain the Buddha’s relic to build eighty four thousand minor stupas throughout his vast empire. However the emperor did not touch the precious relic out of the request made by Dragon king and people of Ramagrama. This surviving single original relic stupa standing 7 meters high on the bank of the Jharahi River is the most important stupa of its kind in the whole of the world.